was born in 1935 in Kansas, involved in the Beat scene in New York in the 1950s, and was a notable figure in the San Francisco literary scene in the 1960s. He shared a house with Allen Ginsberg and Neal Cassady on Gough Street in 1963. He has been published widely, collaborated with, and published many poets, writers, and artists, including principals of the Beat Generation. He was also influential on underground comix artists such as Robert Crumb and S. Clay Wilson. He has published, printed, designed many underground magazines and books with Pamela Beach, a namesake in avant – garde publishing, whom he married.