was born in Santa Monica, California in 1945. While in high school he edited The Black Cat Review, a poetry journal and began to publish in small literay magazines around the country. In the early 70s he co – edited Laugh Literary and Man the Humping Guns with Charles Bukowksi. He has published many books of poetry, including Public Notice, The Waters Reborn, The Juggler Within, Love Proof, Animal, Elegy For Bob Kaufman, and Leaning Against Time. In 1979 he published Ferlinghetti: A Life. He served as writer in residence at New College of California from 2002 through 2007. He lives in San Francisco.